What is motor speech disorder? Motor speech disorders are system and mechanism deficits that control the movements necessary for speech production. People with motor-speech disorders experience trouble producing or controlling their words. Two basic conditions include motor speech disorders: dysarthria and speech apraxia. In such circumstances, it damages or interrupts the connection between the brain and the speech mechanism. This makes it difficult for speech, face, language, or larynx muscles to be controlled or coordinated. Children and adults suffer from dysarthria and/or speech apraxia.
Dysarthria is a disorder that affects communication through speech. It can be caused by damage to the central or peripheral nervous system. Children with this diagnosis can show weakness, paralysis, or inconsistency of breathing, phonation, joint, and resonating muscles. In children with cerebral paralysis, syndrome, or loneliness dysarthria may appear congenital. It may also be acquired in brain injuries or neurological disorders. Dysarthritic treatments are to strengthen the muscles involved in speaking, change speech speed, increase respiratory and vocal support for speaking, and make speech more precise.
Speech apraxia is another kind of motor speech disorder, but not well-defined and with somewhat controversial characteristics. Apraxia is a disorder that affects many aspects of language, including volition and motor function. Patients have difficulty imitating speech or sequences in which sounds must be switched from one order to another; they also struggle with pronunciation for vowels as well consonants. Delays occur due to an inability to produce the right muscles consistently during oral production. Tone, reflex, or automatic acts are generally not abnormal. While dysarthria is a static condition, apraxia may have an element of development or maturation. Apraxia treatments include coordination and sound sequencing techniques. It can also incorporate sensory treatments that increase the awareness of an individual as to how they “felt” and “look” to produce sounds.
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